Romans Ch. 1:1-3:20, A Division I Review


A review of Romans 1:1-3:20


We have come to a close in the first major division in the study of Romans which focused primarily on the reality of sin and its consequences.

Paul produced compelling arguments from scripture and creation demonstrating our complete guilt in sin.

He has shown that God is angry with all of us because we know the truth but repress it by our godless ways.


He has shown that we all are without excuse; the Jews because they were given the oracles of God;  the rest of humanity because the invisible things of God were made known to them.

Paul appeals to our conscience, our internal moral clock; however broken, it remains and proclaims our eternal guilt in light of God’s manifest truth.

Jesus will provide this final judgment to all of creation.


Not even with the great advantage afforded to Israel were they kept from the guilt of sin. On the contrary, it was the giving of the law that revealed and defined the sin found in us.


This section of Romans showed us how the knowledge of God’s law will hold us accountable. Our punishment will be based upon our works in context with our repression of the truth in unrighteousness.


 And I saw a great white throne,

and him that sat on it,

from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away;

and there was found no place for them. 

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God;

and the books were opened:

and another book was opened,

which is the book of life:

and the dead were judged out of those things

which were written in the books,

according to their works.

And the sea gave up the dead which were in it;

and death and hell delivered up the dead

which were in them:

and they were judged every man according to their works. 

And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire.

This is the second death. 

And whosoever was not found

written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire

~ Revelation 20:11-14


One last point regarding sin. Jesus gives us specific instructions as well as giving an example of how few who profess the name of the Lord really are going to heaven.

He explains that our works need to be reflective of the faith and instructions as given in the gospel. If we don’t, He will come like a thief, take away what remains, and cast us into hell.

We must be worthy of His calling and overcome the world by our obedience of faith in Him. Not only will we be judged by our works, we will also be rewarded by them.


And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write;

These things saith he

that hath the seven Spirits of God,

and the seven stars;

I know thy works,

that thou hast a name that thou livest,

and art dead. 

Be watchful,

and strengthen the things which remain,

that are ready to die:

for I have not found thy works perfect before God. 

Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard,

and hold fast, and repent.

If therefore thou shalt not watch,

I will come on thee as a thief,

and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee. 

Thou hast a few names even in Sardis

which have not defiled their garments;

and they shall walk with me in white:

for they are worthy. 

He that overcometh,

the same shall be clothed in white raiment;

and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life,

but I will confess his name before my Father,

and before his angels. 

He that hath an ear,

let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

~ Revelation 3: 1-6


Do you have an ear to hear?

Will you hold fast to all that has been given and taught in the New Testament?

Will you repent of every sin, completely turn from them, and stop committing them?

Will you live your life demonstrating that you are watching for His coming?

Will you overcome the way side, the fowls, the rocks and thorns?

Will you obtain a good report by faith?

Most importantly, will you love God with all your heart, mind, and strength, and love your neighbor as yourself?


For I am not ashamed of the Gospel.

For it is a power of God, for salvation,

to everyone that believes,

both to Jew first and to Greek.

For righteousness of God is revealed in it,

by faith, for faith, according as it is written,

“But the righteous man by faith will live.”

~ Romans 1:16-17


To be righteous means to be just; a standard that is equal and fair in judgement and conduct to all.

Treating others with the same conduct becoming a child of God. That is; loving them as God first loved us.

Our conduct is based on Jesus’ life, is reflected in the acts of the Apostles (not necessarily the book), and commanded throughout the New Testament.

There is a standard by which we may be saved. For the unrighteous sinner will not inherit the Kingdom of God.

Leviticus 19:36, Matthew 20:4; Colossians 4:1, 2 Timothy 4:8, Romans 2:1-6; Acts 4:19; John 7:24.

If we are righteous before God, Luke 1:6; Deuteronomy 6:25, we will enjoy His approval and reward.


By definition, a sinner is considered to be unrighteous. If so, then the inverse must be seriously considered.


This righteousness is revealed by faith in saving power; Romans 3:1-5. This righteousness is not our own. It is God’s and is given to us as a condition of our obedience in faith. In this righteousness, fruits or works unto eternal life are produced.


The next Division; Romans 3:21 through Chapter 5, will address our justification through faith in Christ.

Some of the subjects include:

  1. That we are without boasting,
  2. How through the faith and promise of Abraham, the law was firmly established in the church,
  3. That our hope is grounded in the faithfulness in Christ cancelling the curse of Adam,
  4. And the Law was given to the Israelites to prepare us for Jesus’ coming and to be genuinely obedient in our faith.

 

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