God’s Covenants, Part 3

The Mosaic Covenant

 This is the only covenant that is called the old covenant. This is significant because it implies something new has replaced it.

And so it has. Part 5 will discuss the replacement of the Mosaic covenant with the Messianic covenant.

But first, we need to understand the Mosaic covenant and its relevance in our lives.

 And it came to pass in process of time,

that the king of Egypt died:and the children of Israel sighed

by reason of the bondage, and they cried,

and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

And God heard their groaning,

and God remembered his covenant

with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.

And God looked upon the children of Israel,

and God had respect unto them.

This covenant came out of the Abrahamic covenant and was a initiated 430 years later at Mount Sinai.

Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians,

and how I bare you on eagles’ wings,

and brought you unto myself. 

Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed,

and keep my covenant,

then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me

above all people: for all the earth is mine:

  and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests,

and an holy nation.

These are the words which thou shalt speak

unto the children of Israel.

Exodus 19:4-6

Moses, the recipient of the covenant was commanded by God to pronounce the covenant made to his people, the Israelites.

The covenant was primarily concerned with the honor of living in the promised land. This honor was conditional upon Israel’s obedience.

This covenant had 613 laws (including the 10 commandments) attached to it. One can see how the Pharisees and Sadducee could get caught up in legalism over the centuries.

The laws addressed every aspect of their lives including worship, diet, and relationships.

God promised dominion of the land. He also ensured health, prosperity, and fertile soil if the people obeyed the covenant.

Disobedience would bring famine, death, pestilence, invasions, and all sorts or calamities.

Persistent disobedience eventually cost them the banishment from and enemy occupation of promised land.

The laws are a glimpse of the holiness of the Lord. They peal back the coverings of heaven and hell. All the families of the world would learn from the laws of God placed on His holy people.

To this day, God has shown through His people, the blessing and the curse. Currently, they are blinded and unknowingly await the opening of their eyes and the grafting back in to God’s vine.

This covenant was limited strictly to the land of Israel, the Jewish people, and those who chose to willingly submit and adopt their ways.

It provided security and protection with obedience or death and destruction in rebellion. Just like the choice presented to us today through the Messianic covenant.

An example of the depth of the Jewish curse for disobedience is found here:

The Lord shall smite thee with a consumption,

and with a fever, and with an inflammation,

and with an extreme burning, and with the sword,

and with blasting, and with mildew;

and they shall pursue thee until thou perish. 

And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass,

and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

The Lord shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust:

from heaven shall it come down upon thee,

until thou be destroyed.

The Lord shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies:

thou shalt go out one way against them,

and flee seven ways before them:

and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.

And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air,

and unto the beasts of the earth,

and no man shall fray them away.

Deuteronomy 28:22-26

The Jews have suffered this curse many times over the centuries. Currently, they are still in unbelief.

But God is working on them.

He has brought them back to the land after nearly 2,000 years.

It can’t be too much longer before their eyes are reopened and the whole world benefits from their grafting in.

God showed us through His people that we shouldn’t play games with Him.

He means what He says and He says what He means. How can we not fear a God who can destroy both soul and body?

This blessing and curse will happen to all of us.

Jesus will separate the sheep from the goats and give each according to their works.

When the Son of man shall come in his glory,

and all the holy angels with him,

then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

and before him shall be gathered all nations:

and he shall separate them one from another,

as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: 

and he shall set the sheep on his right hand,

but the goats on the left.

Matthew 25:31-33

His judgment will be final. Jesus will bless the sheep and curse the goats. Just like in the Mosaic era. But then, it will not be a learning experience.

It will be eternal with weeping and gnashing of teeth. And it will be entering into the Kingdom prepared from the foundation of the world.

So now, the time is here. He calls us to work out our salvation, obey His commandments, and live a holy life fleeing sin and its power through the teachings of His grace.

If we obey Him, paradise awaits. If we choose to ignore Him or continue in sin, judgment awaits.

But he giveth more grace.

Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud,

but giveth grace unto the humble. 

Submit yourselves therefore to God.

Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 

Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you.

Cleanse your hands, ye sinners;

and purify your hearts, ye double minded.

James 4:6-8

The Mosaic covenant has ended. It ended with Christ. All the laws of Moses and their immediate consequences died with the coming of Christ.

The Mosaic covenant is over, finished, done. 

The Law of Christ reigns now and forever more.

We can and should continue to learn from it rich depth and wisdom for buy-and-large, the Old Testament proclaims its great truths.

Nevetheless, I say:


For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus

hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

For what the law could not do,

in that it was weak through the flesh,

God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh,

and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us,

who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

Romans 8:2-4

Might I add one more thing . . . continue the good fight, pursue holiness in truth, seek the wisdom of God, and do not let sin reign in your mortal bodies.

Do you not know that the Holy Spirit dwells inside His people?

This covenant more than any other should be a sobering reminder that God is not mocked. Take nothing for granted. He won’t. He judges everyone and everything.

All will be revealed on His glorious day.

Even so Lord Jesus, come.

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