BSN vs. MSN

Baccalaureate nursing education comprises a foundational degree that prepares the nurse to incorporate evidenced-based research into practice, apply skills in leadership roles, and identify specific treatment needs that may be unique to individuals or generalized to select communities (AACN, 2008). According to the AACN, there are nine essentials to the undergraduate nursing baccalaureate degree that encompass an interdisciplinary approached facilitating care delivery through articulate communication, improved quality of care, and management of healthcare delivery systems. The focus of undergraduate nursing education is nonspecific to specialty yet prepares nurses for ensuing professional challenges both in the workplace and with future educational aspirations.

Graduate degree nursing is more precise in expected outcomes yet more dynamic in role application through degree specialty with greater emphasis on nursing’s transition from an occupation to a profession as defined by (McEwen & Wills, 2011). One distinction between baccalaureate and master’s education is the broad contributory effect to social, business, education, politics, and healthcare science and application (AACN, 1996) intrinsic in advanced practice nursing. These contributions flow primarily from an emphasis on clinical expertise in selected specialties such as nurse anesthetist, nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, and nurse mid-wife although non-clinical specialties such as nurse educator and administration are also included.

My graduate nursing expectations are influenced by personal desire to change roles from a level of care nurse in a psychiatric setting to a more research-based, consulting, and educational role. It should prepare me to continue lifelong learning appropriate to my clinical specialty or theoretical role. Currently, being a nurse educator is one of my interests, thus the specialty of my current degree. There are other more personal family factors influencing this decision. I also want to understand and apply primary and secondary prevention without the necessary use of conventional medical protocols. My desire is to understand and facilitate the body’s natural healing mechanisms through nutritional and biologic processes. One of the practical applications that master’s prepared nurses engage is (and I believe it is the most important process) providing interventions through the therapeutic use of self (McEwen & Wills, 2011). I have and continue to conduct n=1 research projects and hope to supplement this anecdotal knowledge to research-based efforts in the beneficence of others. This may require a nurse practitioner degree so my current graduate nursing expectations are still in flux and remain fluid.

References
AACN, (2008). The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice. American Association of College of Nursing. Retrieved November 25, 2011 from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education/pdf/BaccEssentials08.pdf

AACN, (1996). The Essentials of Master’s Education for Advanced Practice Nursing. American Association of College of Nursing.  Retrieved November 25, 2011 from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/Education/pdf/MasEssentials96.pdf

McEwen, M. and Wills, E. (2011). Theoretical Basis for Nursing. [3rd ed.]. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters, Kluwer/Lippincott, William, and Wilkins

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